Dental problems are never any fun. But there is good news, most problems you have with your teeth can be easily prevented. Brushing at least twice a day, eating properly and regular dental checkups are essential in preventing most dental issues.

It is also a good idea to educate yourself about the most common dental problems and their causes so you can do a better job in prevention. James W. Mellert, your dentist in Torrance, offers the most common dental issues and their causes.


Cavities are one of the most common dental issues that people like you have to deal with. Cavities are caused by harmful bacteria that feast on the remnants of food and drink left in the mouth. The bacteria secretes an acid that dissolves the enamel on the tooth and will eventually become a cavity.

Through good oral hygiene, cavities can be easily avoided. But you must avoid sugary sweets and brush your teeth at least twice a day.

If you do get a cavity, your dentist will either fill it, crown it or it might be necessary to do a root canal to fix the problem.

Yellow Teeth

You might not have perfectly white teeth, some teeth have a natural yellow undertone, but often, yellow teeth are caused by an outside source.

Smoking will cause your teeth to turn yellow. In addition to the several other health problems associated with the habit. Beverages like wine and coffee can contribute to stained teeth. Even the foods you eat can turn your teeth yellow.

If you suffer from yellow teeth, there are several ways in which you can brighten them up again. For example, you can buy over-the-counter whitening strips or other teeth whitening products. There are prescription products available as well.

It is best to speak with your cosmetic dentist about your teeth whitening options.

Sensitive Teeth

Tooth sensitivity is a very common problem. There are several causes of sensitive teeth. One of the most common reasons for sensitive teeth is that the root surfaces of the teeth become exposed.

If your gums recede, even just a little bit, it can expose the root, allowing exposure to heat and cold. Other causes of tooth sensitivity include chipped or cracked teeth.

There are toothpastes on the market that claim to help with sensitive teeth, but we recommend that you see your dentist and get to the root of the cause.

Gum Disease

There are several factors that can cause gum disease including genetics, smoking and poor oral hygiene. In many cases, gum disease does not show up until you hit your 30s. This does not mean that the disease wasn’t already there years earlier.

Many people suffer from gingivitis when they are young, which is basically a less severe form of gum disease.

There are several symptoms that can indicate gum disease including bad breath, bleeding gums, and sensitive teeth. If you have any of these symptoms, it is best if you pay your dentist a visit.

Bad Breath

One extremely common oral issue is bad breath. The main cause of bad breath is layers of bacteria that get embedded on the tongue. Thus causing a foul smell.

There are other causes of bad breath including post nasal drip and dry mouth. IT is also a good idea to see your dentist should you suffer from bad breath.

Missing Teeth

The average adult under the age of 64 has at least three or more decayed or missing teeth. If you are missing any of your teeth, there are several reasons to correct the problem. For one, a large gap in your mouth may affect how you eat or how you talk.

Even if the missing tooth is not noticeable, it can still negatively affect you. See your dentist about any missing teeth, there are several ways in which it can be fixed.

Dry Mouth

Dry mouth results from a decrease in the flow of saliva in the mouth, it is uncomfortable and increases the chances of tooth decay.

There are several medications that can cause dry mouth including antidepressants and diuretics.
The best way to treat dry mouth is by keeping sugarless gum on hand, avoid caffeine and tobacco and stay away from alcohol. You can also pay a visit to your dentist to learn more about how to treat dry mouth and what could be causing it.

If you are suffering from dry mouth or any of these other common problems, call James W. Mellert today.